The ability to predict what a passage will be about is often based on prior knowledge. Gist Strategy. The Plusses of Summary Writing It Requires Active Reading If a teacher asks students to not only read but also summarize an article, the students will Example Before answering detailed comprehension questions on a short story, learners read it quickly for gist, and then match the … ‘Get the Gist’ or ‘Sum it Up’ is an after reading summarising strategy that can be explictly taught to students. The word gist is defined as "the main or essential part of a matter." Reading strategies can be used to vary the approach students are given of any given text. Begin the GIST strategy by having students read a short piece of text. It is one approach to summarizing a text. Skimming is fast reading to get the gist of what you read. Start by reading the entire text without stopping to get the “flow” Second Read: Dig a little deeper (annotate the text in several ways) Read it again and this time: 1. Pre-Reading: Have student preview the text to get a feel for what the material is about and then have them write a GIST based on their prediction. Some reading strategies are summarized below. After reading, instruct students to answer who, what, when, where, why, and how questions based on the text selection. you want to give them an activity that focuses on the main idea as opposed to more specific information or details. Description of a strategy for teaching students how to identify a text’s main ideas. Video is originally from the Online Teacher Reading Academies. Let's look at the benefits of this strategy as well as how the process works. All students can benefit from this learning strategy. Chunking refers to the strategy of breaking down information into bite-sized pieces in order to better understand it. She tries to get the statement in less than ten words. Includes step-by-step directions, modeling, guided practice, and partner work. In An A-Z of ELT these terms are defined like this: skimming (skim-reading, reading for gist) : rapidly reading a text in order to get the gist… Description. The participants were involved in six tutoring sessions that ranged from 20 to 50 minutes of instruction that included lessons on the before, during and after reading components of the Modified GIST Strategy. That is never a very helpful task because it doesn’t give the students any reason to read, or any orientation to the topic or context. So, you want to make sure the activity matches its aims i.e. Learning Log (when using as part of the Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR) strategy). After she reads the section, she picks out key words to make a gist statement. Reading is a skill that is used in all subject areas and can greatly increase or decrease a student’s success in the classroom. Type of reading Strategy/strategies This is a strategy that can be used to focus on both the general idea of the text (the gist), and the most important details within it. In this classroom routine students read a text as a group going through a routine in which they preview the text, monitor the reading for understanding (using the clunk fix up strategy), determine the main idea, and finally summarize what they are reading. Target Student. Students will learn the "Journalism Style" of the GIST reading strategy Reading strategies are now the current educational tool being used widely by teachers. When using GIST, students create summaries that are 20 words or less for increasingly large amounts of text. List of Reading Strategies Add some variety to reading instruction and maximize its effectiveness by making use of this list of reading strategies. Gist is the general meaning or purpose of a text, either written or spoken. When students can create a brief written summary of a text in their own words, they truly understand what the text says. Oct. 17, 2020. The reading strategies include: Previewing the text, Visualizing, Getting the Gist, Click/Clunk (Monitoring Comprehension), Making Connections, Questioning, Making Inferences, Determi Get the Gist is a proven method for teaching students how to summarize what they read. She repeats this strategy of reading and gist statements several more times. Which strategy would you use for each of the following type of reading? Blog. This research aimed at (1) describing the implementation of GIST strategy in the process of teaching reading viewed from the cognitive aspect having by the students; (2) finding the positive aspects of the implementation of GIST strategy; (3) knowing the weaknesses of the implementation of GIST strategy in the process of teaching reading viewed from the cognitive aspect. They run the gamut from using sticky notes, to underlining, to using graphic organizers to strategies like GIST. ... Get the Gist First Read: Get the gist 1. When: The Get the Gist strategy has also been implemented as part of a Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR). Description The goal of a GIST statement is to write a summary in a given amount of words (i.e 20 words, 15 words, 10 words). GIST Strategy through modeling and guided instruction. Get the Gist is one fourth of Collaborative Strategic Reading (CSR), a learning strategy shown to improve students’ reading comprehension when all four parts of CSR are used by students. Materials. students' reading comprehension and argument-writing skills, while minimizing the time the teacher spends correcting. After reading a text, students, independently or in pairs, answer the "Five W's and One H" about the content (i.e., who, what, when, where, why, how), and condense the … Detailed reading is slower and more careful reading so that you don’t miss anything. The ability to summarise has significant benefits for comprehending and ultimately retaining and recalling information. Using GIST, students develop the necessary skills to independently identify the main ideas and key details in a text. After explaining the "Get the Gist" model, the teacher reads the section of a book aloud. Tapping this background knowledge can effectively increase the students’ comprehension of the text to be read. A Gist Statement is a reading comprehension strategy where students convey the main idea of a text in 20 words or less. GIST is an acronym that stands for: Generating Interactions between Schemata and Texts (Cunningham, 1982; Herrell, 2000). Saved by Teresa Johnson. Video demonstrating the Get the Gist Comprehension strategy. The instructor can determine the amount of words when writing the GIST statement. GIST Strategy. These reading strategy posters are a great visual reminder for students to use reading strategies in your classroom. 3. AVID READING STRATEGY. Explicitly teaching key reading comprehension and learning skills - making connections, self-questioning, visualising, inferring, determining Taken from Effective Instruction for Middle School Students with Reading Difficulties: The Reading Teacher’s Sourcebook. To work on using summarizing for gist, give students a text and three short summaries of it, no longer than a sentence each. AVID Strategies for Reading: GIST Renee Blackmon Michelle Chandler-Barnes What is GIST? Reading a text for gist is known as skimming.. When using GIST, students create summaries that are 20 words or less for increasingly large amounts of text. This strategy teaches students to use prediction as a comprehension aid when reading expository text. Some pieces are long enough for a 20-word description versus a 10-word description. Video conferencing best practices: Tips to make meeting online even better USING GIST (GENERATING INTERACTION BETWEEN SCHEMATA AND TEXT) STRATEGY TO IMPROVE STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION OF SHORT FUNCTIONAL TEXTS (Classroom Action Research at Eighth Grade Students of SMPN 05 Kota Bengkulu in Academic Year 2018/2019 ) The GIST strategy (Cunningham, 1982) helps students read text to get the main idea and it is one approach to summarizing a text. How to make a video presentation with Prezi in 6 steps; Oct. 14, 2020. How to help English learners read more quickly | British Council Over the next several posts, I will be sharing one of my favorite teaching techniques in reading and writing: Get the Gist. THE EFFECTS OF THE MODIFIED GIST STRATEGY ON THE READING COMPREHENSION OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNERS WITH DISABILITIES Elizabeth A. Horton, Ph.D. George Mason University, 2014 Dissertation Director: Dr. Frederick Brigham A single-subject multiple-probe multiple-baseline study was designed to investigate the effects of the Modified GIST Strategy on the … Reading Strategies Reading Skills Teaching Reading Guided Reading Reading Comprehension Close Reading Anchor Activities Teaching Activities 6th Grade Reading. https://www.elanguages.ac.uk/.../skim_reading_for_gist.html Gist is a comprehension strategy that is used both during reading and after reading. GIST Specific Reading Strategy How to Use it in the Classroom By Dahloan Hembree. Each strategy is easy to implement and helps keep students actively engaged in the process of learning to read. Reading for gist is conventionally associated with the idea of skimming, which, in turn, is typically mentioned in association with scanning. Scanning is fast reading to find a particular piece of information in a text. Copies of GIST Strategy Worksheet ... of reading depending on the length) and jot down connections you have with the material, things that need clarification, as well as answering the 5 W’s and H when you can. The main aim for a gist task is to develop the students’ abilities to either skim for the main idea (of a reading text) or to listen for the main idea (of an audio/video clip). The participants were taught how to use the strategy to summarize expository Using a template similar to the one on the right, have students write their predictions using a designated number of words (teacher will decide on the amount of words based on the length of the text); NO MORE NO LESS Reading for gist This doesn’t mean telling the students , ‘read the text to get a general idea of what it’s about’. Log ( when using as part of the Collaborative Strategic reading ( CSR ) strategy ) comprehending... 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