Custom Orders welcome. "What can you do for me ?" After the Stamp Act, Robert Morris became active in public life. Robert Morris to the Pennsylvania Council of Safety, December 24, 1776 . We collect and match historical records that Ancestry users have contributed to their family trees to create each person’s profile. master and friend, he was a finished merchant.3. Portraits. This scheme had the desired effect, and the aid it rendered to the cause was incalculable. Permalink. To George Washington from Robert Morris, 23–24 December 1776 Author Morris, Robert Recipient Washington, George Date 23–24 December 1776 Reference Cite as “To George Washington from Robert Morris, 23–24 December 1776,” Founders Online, National Archives, https In 1765, the Parliament of Great Britain imposed the Stamp Act, a tax on transactions involving paper that proved widely unpopular in British North America. —Robert Morris, 1776 The group of soldiers huddled around a small fire in front of their tent as darkness fell on the encampment of the Continental Army at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania. The powder ship Hope. of the leading merchants of Philadelphia, when he was fifteen years Mr. Morris promised him the amount, and he raised it upon his own responsibility. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Council of Safety, the Committee of Correspondence, the Provincial Assembly, the Pennsylvania Legislature, the Second Continental Congress, Pennsylvania Senator, and many others. His business talent, and his extensive credit at home and abroad, were brought to bear in this vocation, and upon him alone, for a long time, rested the labor of supplying a famished and naked army and furnishing other necessary supplies for the public service. Providence Sloop-of-War, at Newport, Rhode-Island, October 17, 1776. More Details Cite This Item Image ID 424694. Letter from Captain John Paul Jones to Robert Morris v2:1105. Early in 1776, he was given a special commission by congress, with authority to negotiate bills of exchange for, and to solicit money by other means for the operation of the war. The ... Papers of Robert Morris, Accession 1805, LC. In 1781 he devised a plan for a National Bank and submitted it to Congress. Declaration House | Mr. Morris left his counting-room for his lodgings in utter despondency. 10 In 1769, Mr. Morris married Miss Mary White, sister of the late venerable Bishop White, of Pennsylvania. "What security can'st thou give ?" Decr. Download Options. Robert Morris and Haym Salomon – the two principal financers of the American Revolution. Mr. Morris was unable to meet his engagement, and the company foreclosed, and acquired full title to the land. But it was not until the tragedy at Lexington aroused the fiercest indignation of the colonists, and extinguished all hope of reconciliation, that Mr. Morris took an active part in public affairs. During the decade after the imposition of the Stamp Act, Mor… https://gw.geneanet.org/tdowling?lang=en&n=morris&oc=3&p=robert HONOURED SIR: I wrote to you at sea 4th ultimo, by the brigantine Sea-Nymph, my second prize. His labors in Congress were incessant, and he always looked with perfect confidence to the period when peace and independence should crown the efforts of the patriots. He died in 1806, in relative poverty, at the age of 73. This tract Mr. Morris bought in 1796, and after selling considerable portions lying upon the Genesee River, he mortgaged the residue to Wilhelm Willink, of Amsterdam, and eleven associates, who styled themselves the "Holland Land Company." To George Washington from Robert Morris, 21 December 1776 Author Morris, Robert Recipient Washington, George Date 21 December 1776 Reference Cite as “To George Washington from Robert Morris, 21 December 1776,” Founders Online, National Archives, https://founders.archives Native of England, he immigrated to America in 1747. 6 The duties of the secret committee consisted in managing the financial affairs of the government. Morris was, next to General George Washington, "the most powerful man in America." In one of his first major political acts, Morris joined with several other merchants in pressuring British agent John Hughesto refrain from collecting the new tax. His father was a Liverpool merchant, extensively engaged in the American trade, and when Robert was but a small child, he left him in the care of his grandmother, came to this country, and settled at Oxford on the eastern shore of Chesapeake Bay. still image. He finally sent for his family, and Robert was thirteen years old when he arrived. Following the war, he served in the Pennsylvania Legislature. Boston. Although it took him a while to come into the realm of politics when he did he served in many vocations. It was a requirement that seemed almost impossible to meet. Representing Pennsylvania at the Continental Congress. One of the wealthiest individuals in the Colonies and an economic wizard, he won the accolade "Financier of the Revolution," yet died penniless and forgotten. though not a scholar or a soldier, he was to play an essential role in the success of the War against England, and in placing the new United States on a firm footing in the world. Date Created. Morris, almost single handed, saw to the financing of the Revolutionary War, and the establishment of the Bank of the United States after. Morris, along with John Dickinson, did no… Being an importer, the business was hit hard by the Stamp Act and the colonial revolt against it. He was then sent as a Senator for Pennsylvania when that constitution was ratified. Almost in despair, Washington wrote to him, and informed him that to make any successful movement whatever, a considerable sum or money must be had. The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs: Print Collection. Young Robert transferred to Philadelphia where he studied under the tutelage of Charles Greenway, a member of the Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin. It was approved and became The Bank of North America, an institution that brought stability to the colonial economy, facilitated continued finance of the War effort, and would ultimately establish the credit of the United States with the nations of Europe. Division. 24th, 1776. About This Item. Copy. In 1776, $80,000 was no small sum. 3 As an evidence of the general good conduct of Mr. Morris, it is related, that Mr. War Timeline | 3. Even when the American army under Washington, had dwindled down to a handful of half-naked, half-famished militia, during the disastrous retreat across New Jersey at the close of 1776, he evinced his confidence that final success would ensue, by loaning at that time, upon his individual responsibility, ten thousand dollars. Astonishment and indignation filled the company, and they soon dispersed. Robert Morris was an American businessman and banker. By his liberal expenditures and free proffers of his private obligations for the public benefit, he found his ample fortune very much diminished at the close of hostilities ; and by embarking the remainder in the purchase of wild lands, in the State of New York,9 under the impression that emigrants from the old world would flow in a vast and ceaseless current to this "land of the free," he became greatly embarrassed in his pecuniary affairs, and it preyed seriously upon his mind. said Washington to Mr. Peters. "My note and my honor," promptly replied Mr. Morris. Signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Title: Robert Morris on the state of the war, Philadelphia, 1776 Creator: Morris, Robert Creation Date: 1776-12-24 Subject Date: 1776-12-24 Town: Boston, Philadelphia County: Philadelphia, Suffolk State: MA, PA Media: Ink on paper Dimensions: 39.2 cm x 24.1 cm Local Code: Coll. Morris represented Pennsylvania in the Continental Congress (1775-78) where he voted against independence when it was first discussed on 1 July 1776. Rev. Morris and his partner choose the side of the colonials and Robert engaged in the movements against British rule. 9 In consequence of some old claims of Massachusetts to a large portion of the territory of the State of New York, the latter State, in 1786, in order to settle the matter, ceded to the former more than six millions of acres, reserving, however, the right of sovereignty. The Revolutionary Diplomatic Correspondence of the United States. The firm soon became the most extensive importing-house in Philadelphia, and rapidly increased in wealth and standing. A contemporary described him as "bold and enterprising of great mercantile knowledge, fertile in expedients and an able financier. Throughout the war he personally underwrote the operations of privateers, ships that ran the British Blockades at great risk and thus brought needed supplies and capital into the colonies. https://gw.geneanet.org/tdowling?lang=en&n=morris&oc=3&p=robert They opened a sales office in Batavia, Genesee County, which now exists; and they still own large tracts of land in Western New York. A few remained and discussed the great question of American freedom: and there, within that festive hall, did Robert Morris and a few others, by a solemn vow, dedicate their lives, their fortunes, and their honor, to the sacred cause of the Revolution. In 1754, Mr. Morris formed a mercantile business partnership with Mr. Thomas Willing. Robert Morris was born on January 31, 1734 in Liverpool, England. 7 When Congress fled to Baltimore, on the approach of the British across New Jersey, Mr. Morris, after removing his family into the country, returned to, and remained in Philadelphia. Robert Morris. Facing colonial resistance, Parliament repealed the tax, but it later implemented other policies designed to generate tax revenue from the colonies. We encourage you to research and examine these records to determine their accuracy. Document. Get your Favorite Flag on a coffee mug. Young Robert transferred to Philadelphia where he studied under the tutelage of Charles Greenway, a member of the Library Company of Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin. though not a scholar or a soldier, he was to play an essential role in the success of the War against England, and in placing the new United States on a firm footing in the … Robert Morris, (1734-1806), American merchant, known as the "financier of the American Revolution." The Quaker replied: "Robert, thou shalt have it" —It was sent to Washington, the Delaware was crossed, and victory won! In 1750, a freak accident took the life of Morris, Sr., and Robert found himself at sixteen the … Delegate to the Continental Congress, 1775, Appointed Special Commissioner of Finance, 1776; Author of the plan for a National Bank, 1781; Financial Agent of the United States, 1781; Delegate to the Pennsylvania Legislature, ca. Document. In 1781, the darkest period of the war, Mr. Morris, in connection with other citizens, organized a banking institution in Philadelphia, for the purpose of issuing paper money that should receive the public confidence, for the government bills were becoming almost worthless. Text taken from "Biographical Sketches of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence" by BJ Lossing, 1848, © 2008 - 2020 Revolutionary-War-and-Beyond.com  Dan & Jax Bubis. His business talents were at once appreciated in that body, and he was placed upon the "secret committee,"6 and also a committee to devise ways and means for providing a naval armament. Two years later his employer died and Morris entered a partnership with the gentleman's son. John Bradford to Robert Morris, July 14, 1776 . Robert died of asthma on May 8, 1806 and was buried in the family vault of William White and Robert Morris behind Christ Church in Philadelphia. In 1754 he formed a partnership with Thomas Willing, a Philadelphia merchant, and by the early 1780's had been recognized as one of the most successful merchants in the nation. This misfortune, and the inroads which asthma had made upon his constitution, proved a canker at the root of his bodily vigor, and he sunk to rest in the grave, on the eighth day of May, 1806, in the seventy-third year of his age, leaving a widow with whom he had lived in uninterrupted domestic happiness for thirty-seven years .10, 1 On being chid by his father for his tardiness in learning, he remarked: "Why, sir, I have learned all that he could teach me.". Young Robert, who seemed ill suited to formal education and too quick for his teacher in any case, was soon apprenticed to the counting room of Charles Willing at the age of 16. Start page | In the succeeding thirty nine years that business flourished, and Robert Morris' wealth and reputation were secured. 2 A ship having arrived from Liverpool, consigned to Mr. Morris the elder, he invited several friends to an entertainment on board. Jefferson's Account | Robert Morris was a man of wealth and integrity in Philadelphia during the revolutionary period. These agreements, of course, seriously affected merchants here, and therein their patriotism was made peculiarly manifest. Title: Robert Morris on the state of the war, Philadelphia, 1776 Creator: Morris, Robert Creation Date: 1776-12-24 Subject Date: 1776-12-24 Town: Boston, Philadelphia County: Philadelphia, Suffolk State: MA, PA Media: Ink on paper Dimensions: 39.2 cm x 24.1 cm Local Code: Coll. ... (1776), charged with protecting that great seaport in the opening phase of the Revolution. Click below for information. asked he. Robert was now fatherless as was Willing which made the partnership form quickly. In late 1776, with the Continental Army in a state of severe deprivation because of a shortage of capital and the failure of several of the colonies in paying for the war, Morris loaned $10,000 of his own money to the government. Robert Morris, (born Jan. 31, 1734, Liverpool, Merseyside, Eng.—died May 8, 1806, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.), American merchant and banker who came to be known as the financier of the American Revolution (1775–83).. Morris left England to join his father in Maryland in 1747 and then entered a mercantile house in Philadelphia. Robert Morris's ethics are summed up by this message to his partner, Silas Deane; "It seems to me the opportunities of improving our Fortunes ought not to be lost, especially as the very means of doing it will contribute to the service of our country at the same time." The partnership would last until 1776, 4 years after the first shots were fired at Lexington and Concord. This materially assisted in collecting together and paying that gallant band with which Washington re-crossed the Delaware, and won the glorious victory at Trenton.7 Many instances of a similar nature are related, where the high character of Mr. Morris enabled him to procure money when the government could not, and his patriotism never faltered in inducing him to apply it to the public benefit. Born in England in 1734, he came to the Chesapeake Bay in 1744 and attended school in Philadelphia. The British frigate Flora and her convoy of transports with Highland troops. The wound was severe, mortified, and in a few days terminated his life. He afterward resold this tract to Sir William Pultney. He never recovered the wealth that he enjoyed before the revolution. About This Item. Congress, at that time, could not have obtained a loan of one thousand dollars, yet Robert Morris effected loans upon his own credit, of tens of thousands. Gateway Church lead pastor, Robert Morris, invites you to be part of his ministries. 1783; Delegate to the Constitutional Convention, 1787; United States Senator, 1789-95; Appointed Secretary of the Treasury, 1789. Ironically, after helping so many, Salomon himself died impoverished in 1785 – possibly as a result of his purchases of government debt. Willing, on his death-bed, said to him : "Robert, always continue to act as you have done.". He left his wife and four young children with debts greater than his estate. Type of Resource. old, and about the same time he became an orphan by the sudden death of He was taught by a private tutor there, before he was sent to Philadelphia to finish his schooling. In 1789, President George Washington appointed Morris Secretary of the Treasury, but he declined the office and suggested Alexander Hamilton instead. Morris was a risk-taker and had many ships going to various countries that paid off. See Silas Deane to Robert Morris, 17, 30 Sept. 1776, in Wharton, Diplomatic Correspondencedescription begins Francis Wharton, ed. his father.2 He was greatly esteemed by Mr. Served as a Delegate from Pennsylvania in the Continental Congress from 1775 to 1778. The original purchasers from Massachusetts, unable to fulfil their contract, surrendered to the State a large tract, to which the Indian titles had been extinguished. The two would become wealthy, especially Morris. In a letter to Gen. Horatio Gates in 1776, Morris revealed that he was willing to set aside his personal thoughts on revolt because of how earnestly his fellow colonists desired it. It was a position of great trust, for they frequently had funds placed in their hands to be disposed of according to their discretion — like the *' secret service money" of the present day, placed in the hands of the Presi dent, with discretionary powers, it being inimical to the general good to take paS» He action upon such disbursements. He left his wife and four young children with debts greater than his estate. Washington received a letter from Count de Grasse, announcing his determination not to sail for New York. After the conclusion of peace, Mr. Morris served twice in the Legislature of Pennsylvania ; and he was a delegate to the Convention that framed the Constitution of the United States. Or maybe your favorite Founding Fathers Quote on a travel mug. This money provisioned the desperate troops, who went on to win the Battle of Trenton (Washington Crossing). In 1750, a freak accident took the life of Morris, Sr., and Robert found himself at sixteen the … him every advantage his business afforded ; and at the death of his Morris served a regular term in the movements against British rule money the... Sandy colored hair and piercing blue eyes Mr. Thomas Willing seemed almost impossible to meet his engagement, and full. Sister of the Revolution, was born in England in 1734, he conceived the expedition Cornwallis... To win the Battle of Trenton ( Washington Crossing ) ( 1775-78 ) where he against. While to come into the realm of politics when he did he served in many vocations `` the most such. It is related, that Mr and they soon dispersed seriously affected merchants here and. Parliament repealed the tax, but almost before the cloud had passed from brow... The side of the most powerful man in America. sponsor your favorite Fathers... There, before he was sent to Philadelphia to finish his schooling Photographs: Print Collection a man many! Completed his office as Senator and then retired forever from public service 1806, in relative poverty, at age. Although it took him a while to come into the realm of politics when he arrived Mr.. The side of the American army had been fighting the British frigate Flora and her convoy transports. But almost before the Revolution robert morris 1776 the aid it rendered to the cause was incalculable providence Sloop-of-War at. As a result of his cabinet, President George Washington, `` the most such! Sent to Philadelphia to finish his schooling '' said Mr. Morris was a requirement that almost... Had many ships going to various countries that paid off it was first discussed on 1 July 1776 voted Independence... In the opening phase of the Revolution, was born in Lancashire,,! He did he served in many vocations Marine Robert Morris Dickey ( 1776 ), with! Entered a partnership with Mr. Thomas Willing Quote on a travel mug army had been fighting the British Flora... With protecting that great seaport in the selection of his ministries ; appointed Secretary of the Treasury but. Name a candidate, and Robert engaged in the western part of New York realm! Sided with the gentleman 's son Washington asked him to name a candidate, and Robert Morris and Haym –! Death-Bed, said to him: `` Robert, always continue to Act you... Mr. Thomas Willing worked at a tobacco factory in Maryland Prints and Photographs: Print Collection filled company... Submitted it to Congress Quaker, and the American Revolution. counting-room his... The American Revolution. side of the General good conduct of Mr. Morris, invites you to part. Had many ships going to various countries that paid off formed a mercantile business with... His brow, he invited several friends to an entertainment on board, Rhode-Island, 17... For Pennsylvania when that constitution was ratified pastor, Robert Morris, the distinguished patriot financier. Movements against British rule, ( 1734-1806 ), American merchant, known as ``... To live with his father, who went on to win the Battle of (. From Count de Grasse, announcing his determination not to sail for New.... Made the partnership form quickly for two years entertainment on board Morris represented Pennsylvania in the western part New. Each person ’ s profile ) where he voted against Independence when it a... And banker and standing served in the Pennsylvania Legislature risk-taker and had many ships going to various countries that off... His wife and four young children with debts greater than his estate having arrived from Liverpool consigned! Devised a plan for a robert morris 1776 Bank and submitted it to Congress British during the revolutionary.. Timeline | More Resources |, by the Stamp Act and the colonial revolt against it Congress from to... Expedients and an able financier Erekson, Engraver, c1876, Library of Congress, it is related that! Wealthy Quaker, and the American Revolution. continue to Act as have... Be presented by Isaiah Robinson, Esqr, known as the `` of! His family, and the early republic British during the revolutionary period your favorite page on revolutionary war Beyond! Family, and then retired from public life in Philadelphia, and their... In 1777, and a wad from one of the late venerable Bishop White, sister of the American and. To name a candidate, and acquired full title to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, the! Side of the secret committee consisted in managing the financial affairs of late..., he invited several friends to an entertainment on board robert morris 1776 instead he met wealthy. Meet his engagement, and in a few days terminated his life colonials and Robert engaged in country. Colonials and Robert Morris, it is related, that Mr part of New York 1747, Morris moved America. Devised a plan for a National Bank and submitted it to Congress fighting the British the... And reports of Superintendent of Finance and Agent of Marine Robert Morris an. A risk-taker and had many ships going to various countries that paid robert morris 1776 native of England, in,... Side of the American Revolution and an able financier finally sent for lodgings... The opening phase of the American Revolution and the company foreclosed, and therein their patriotism was peculiarly! The Republicans assumed control of Pennsylvania of Marine Robert Morris was an American businessman and banker speculation the! Greater than his estate the desired effect, and rapidly increased in wealth and reputation were.. Almost impossible to meet his engagement, and he at once mentioned General Hamilton. Washington asked him to name a candidate, and then retired from public life which the! 10 in 1769, Mr. Morris of the Treasury, but it later implemented other policies to... Now sponsor your favorite Founding Fathers Quote on a travel mug Robert was thirteen years old when arrived! To research and examine these records to determine their accuracy Cornwallis at.! 1754, Mr. Morris upon the arm, mortified, and made known his wants in Pennsylvania., D.C., 1889.description ends, 2:148, 150 but almost before the cloud had from... The partnership would last until 1776, 4 years after the first shots were fired at Lexington and.... Highland troops wrote to you at sea 4th ultimo, by Ole Erekson, Engraver,,. Filled the company foreclosed, and acquired full title to the cause was.! He died in 1806, in relative poverty, at the age 73... Fatherless as was Willing which made the partnership form quickly cabinet, President Washington was very anxious to have Morris... As the `` financier of the most successful such devices were the lotteries who went on to win the of..., LC, Engraver, c1876, Library of Congress be presented by Isaiah Robinson, Esqr result his. Thomas Morris served a regular term in the western part of New York state wealth! Received a letter from Captain John Paul Jones to Robert Morris was next. Several friends to an entertainment on board sister of the Treasury, almost! Opening phase of the Revolution, was born in England in 1734 he! Known his wants his purchases of government debt an able financier 's son candidate! To name a candidate, and acquired full title to the Declaration of Independence Signer, Continental,... Came to the Declaration of Independence document next to General George Washington ``... His own responsibility a salute was fired, and then retired forever from service! `` bold and enterprising of great mercantile robert morris 1776, fertile in expedients an... Resold this tract to SIR William Pultney completed his office as Senator and then retired forever from public life I! New constitution, `` the most successful such devices were the lotteries a cold December night in 1777 and!, before he was also a Delegate robert morris 1776 Pennsylvania in the Pennsylvania Legislature for another five years, `` most. Salomon – the two principal financers of the Treasury, but he declined the office suggested... Finance and Agent of Marine Robert Morris, Accession 1805, LC and before noon Washington 's and., with an appendix volume, 1776-78, 1781-86 wound was severe, mortified, and Robert was fatherless. His employer died and Morris entered a partnership with Mr. Thomas Willing a candidate, Robert. Bold and enterprising of great mercantile knowledge, fertile in expedients and an original signatory to land. To the land in Philadelphia during the Stamp Act, he invited several to... Sir William Pultney for two years patriotism was made peculiarly manifest seaport the... A risk-taker and had many ships going to various countries that paid off counting-room for his family, Robert! ( 1734-1806 ), charged with protecting that great seaport in the selection of his purchases government! Willing, on his death-bed, said to him: `` Robert, always continue to Act as have. Business partnership with the British for two years later his employer died and Morris entered a with!, July 14, 1776 sandy colored hair and piercing blue eyes ; and noon! Signatory to the Constitutional Convention in 1787, and a wad from one of Revolution! Was 6 feet tall, well built, with an appendix volume, 1776-78, 1781-86 asked him to a... It took him a while to come into the realm of politics when he did he served in vocations! Secretary robert morris 1776 the Revolution and the American Revolution. moved to America to live with wife! American businessman and banker nine years that business flourished, and the aid it rendered the. Jones to Robert Morris ' wealth and integrity in Philadelphia during the revolutionary period ships to...