Persians 539. 406 BC. The major events in ancient history listed in the table below are those happenings in the world that led to or gravely impacted the rise and decline of the great Mediterranean civilizations of Greece and Rome. The format is the era or dates in the far left column (column #1), followed by a summary of the period called the Overview which may be further divided by region horizontally (column #2), followed by the main geographic area ( the Mediterranean, what we call the Middle East today, but in the context of ancient history is usually called the Ancient Near East (A.N.E. 426: Augustine writes "City of God," in support of Christianity in Rome. Timeline of World War I (1914–1924) Timeline of the United Kingdom home front during World War I; Timeline of the Gallipoli Campaign (1915–1916) Timeline of the Irish War of Independence (1919–1921) Timeline of the Irish Civil War (1922–1923) Timeline of the Second Italo-Abyssinian War (1928–1937) Timeline of World War II (1939–1945) Advertise. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. 480: Xerxes overcomes the Spartans at Thermopylae; at Salamis, the combined Greek navy wins that battle. tl_categories_checked(); 2686–2160: The first pharaoh Djoser unites upper and lower Egypt for the first time, establishing the Old Kingdom. During the time of the Greek Dark Ages, only a few villages toiled the earth; by the time Ancient Greece was in full swing in 700 B.C., these villages had buffed up into entire city-states. 509: Traditional date for the founding of the Roman Republic. 44: On the Ides of March (March 15), Caesar is assassinated. Ancient history as a term refers to the aggregate of past events from the beginning of writing and recorded human history and extending as far as post-classical history.The phrase may be used either to refer to the period of time or the academic discipline. 331: At the Battle of Gaugamela, Alexander defeats the Persian king Darius III. You can opt-out at any time. Civilization & Science 206: The Han Dynasty rules in China, led by Liu Bang (Emperor Gao), who uses the Silk Road to make trade connections as far as the Mediterranean. 550: Cyrus the Great establishes the Achaemenid dynasty of the Persian Empire. 221–206: Qin Shi Huang (259–210) unites China for the first time, beginning the Qin Dynasty; construction on the Great Wall begins. home | billions of years | dinosaurs, birds, and evolution. States & Territories Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. 479: Chinese philosopher Confucius (551–479) dies, and his disciples carry on. 218–201: The Second Punic War begins in Carthage, this time led by the Phoenician leader Hannibal (247–183) and a force supported by elephants; he loses to the Romans and later commits suicide. Headlines. This is particularly true of the events before the rise of Greece and Rome, but the early years of Greece and Rome are also approximations. Ancient Greek comic poet Aristophanes dies in 385 BC. The following is a brief chronological account of the major events that occurred from ancient China’s inception (around 2200 BCE) to its demise in 1911 CE. Ancient Africa provided the world with some of the greatest empires and civilizations in history. 780–560: Greeks send settlers to create colonies in Asia Minor. Migration & Trade 240: Greek mathematician Eratosthenes (276–194) measures the Earth's circumference. Timeline of the Ancient World; 3500-3000 BC: 3000-2000 BC: 2000-1000 BC: 1000 BC-0: 0-500: Mesopotamian civilization ca. }); B.C.E. Ancient History Timeline. 509: Rome signs a friendship treaty with Carthage. Free Ancient History Presentations in PowerPoint format. 585: Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus successfully predicts a solar eclipse on May 28. World history A.D. 0 and on After Jesus' alleged execution (death only calculated in a much later century and most likely wrong), a Jewish cult, headed by the 12 … 7… Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for. 525: Egypt falls to the Persians and becomes a satrapy under Cyrus's son Cambyses. 1200: Fall of Troy (if there was a Trojan War). 332: Alexander conquers Egypt, founds Alexandria, and installs a Greek government but leaves the next year. 323: Alexander dies, and his empire falls apart as his generals, the diadochi, battle one another for supremacy. 79: Mount Vesuvius erupts burying the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. 378: Emperor Valens is killed by the Visigoths at the Battle at Adrianople. 215–148: The Macedonian Wars lead to Rome's control of Greece. Timeline Search. skip to 501-1500, 1501-1700, 1701-1900, 1901-1945, 1946-2000, 2001-2015 The Ancient World .....subject index 336: Philip's son Alexander the Great (356–323) rules Macedonia. In History. It thus covers the time from the Middle Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) to the very beginnings of world history. A TIMELINE OF THE ANCIENT WORLD. Select: all / none. We’re studying ancient world history this year and I wanted my oldest son to have a personal timeline he could keep in his history notebook. 461–429: Greek statesman Pericles (494–429) leads a period of economic growth and cultural flourishing, also known as the "Golden Age of Greece.". C. 6,500 BC. 2500-1500 BC: Vedic age ca. 490: Greeks win against the Persians in Battle of Marathon. Cities & Buildings Here is a comprehensive timeline of Ancient Africa. 2. 3000-550 BC: Ptolemaic: Roman/Byz: Indus civilization ca. N.S. 546–538: Cyrus and the Medes defeat Croesus and capture Lydia. By Tim Lambert. 492–449: The Persian king Darius the Great invades Greece, kicking off the Persian Wars. 594: The Greek philosopher Solon becomes archon (chief magistrate) in Greece and attempts to legislate reforms with a new code of laws for Athens. 371: Sparta is defeated at the battle at Leuctra. Categories: Original Location: Italy, Sicily, North Africa, as far west as France Current Location: Greece Major Highlights:Concepts of democracy, the Senate, the Olympics One of history’s most well known and unforgettable cultures flowed first from farmers. 122: Roman soldiers begin building Hadrian's Wall, a defensive structure that will eventually stretch 70 miles across Northern England and marks the northern limit of the empire in Great Britain. C. 35,000 BC The Cro-Magnon people enter Europe. World History Timeline. 479: Battle of Plataea is won by the Greeks, effectively ending the second Persian invasion. 1795–1750: Hammurabi, who wrote the first legal code, conquers Mesopotamia, the land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. It refers to the timeframe of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. 1350–1334: Akhenaten introduces (briefly) monotheism in Egypt. 3000: Cuneiform writing is developed in Uruk as a way to track commercial trade and taxes. function tl_categories_checked() { This map looks at what is going on in world history in 2500 BCE. 508: Athenian lawgiver Cleisthenes reforms the constitution of ancient Athens, setting it on a democratic footing. This interactive political map by Ancient History Encyclopedia offers a large-scale overview of the ancient world across all time periods. It focuses on the Mediterranean, but also covers other parts of the world. 1550–1069: Ahmose drives out the Hyksos and establishes the New Kingdom dynastic period in Egypt. This coincides roughly with the traditional date of the founding of Rome in 753 BC and the beginning of the history of Rome. 612: The Babylonians and Medes burn the Persian capital of Nineveh, marking the end of the Assyrian Empire. 9: German tribes destroy 3 Roman legions under P. Quinctilius Varnus in the Teutoberg Forest. Ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome were civilizations that lasted for hundreds — … 265–241: The First Punic War between Rome and Carthage is waged with no decisive winner. 346: Philip II of Macedon (382–336) forces Athens to accept the Peace of Philocrates, a peace treaty marking the end of Greek independence. 995: The Judean King David captures Jerusalem. Maps based on vector database. tl_categories_checked(); A Time Line of Ancient Egyptian History. $('.chk_timeline_types').change(function() { 2900: The first defensive walls are built in Mesopotamia. Interactive World History Atlas since 3000 BC Follow us World History Maps & Timelines. Ancient Greek writer Sophocles dies ca. 1600: The Minoan culture is replaced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece, thought to be the Trojan civilization recorded by Homer. 776: Legendary start of the Ancient Olympics. 334: Alexander fights and wins against the Persians at the Battle of Granicus in Anatolia. [6][7] 1. This timeline of ancient history lists historical events of the documented ancient past from the beginning of recorded history until the Early Middle Ages. 538: Cyrus allows the Jews in Babylon to return home. 49: Caesar crosses the Rubicon, precipitating the Roman Civil War. 333: Macedonian forces under Alexander defeat the Persians at the Battle of Issus. 525: Egypt falls to the Persians and becomes a satrapy under Cyrus's son Cambyses. He then invades Italy but is convinced to withdraw by Pope Leo I. 60: Roman leaders Pompey, Crassus, and Julius Caesar form the 1st Triumvirate. 326: Alexander reaches the limit of his expansion, winning the Battle of the Hydaspes in the northern Punjab region of what is today Pakistan. Fall of Persian Empire the Persian Empire comes to an end in 350b.c after 200 years in power. 550: Greek colonies include almost all of the Black Sea area, but begin to find it difficult to survive so far from Athens and make diplomatic compromises with the Persian Empire. 3500-550 BC: Per1: inter-Persian: Per2: Egyptian civilization ca. [4][5] Ancient history includes the recorded Greek history beginning in about 776 BC (First Olympiad). Choose a date and see what the world looked like. The Peloponnesian Wars end with surrender of Athens in 404 BC. 431–404: The Peloponnesian War pits Athens against Sparta. Specify between which dates you want to search, and what keywords you are looking for. Search through the entire ancient history timeline. 64: Rome burns while Nero (supposedly) fiddles. 149–146: The Third Punic War is waged, and at the end, according to legend, the Romans salt the land so Carthaginians can no longer live there. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. 1500-500 BC: Indian kingdom age ca. $('.chk_timeline_types:checked').each(function(elem) { 2560: The Egyptian architect Imhotep finishes the Great Pyramid of Cheops on the Giza Plateau. Nothing I could find seem to quite be what I was looking for, so I decided to create it myself. Arts & Culture Comparative History, Political, Military, Art, Science, Literature, Religion, Philosophy. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. 776 BC: First recorded Olympic Games. Pre-Modern 1 History Beginning with the Earth's formation, through to the beginning of the modern day, fan favorites like ancient Egypt, … 33: Judean philosopher Jesus (3 BCE–33 CE) is executed by Rome and his followers continue. Check out the 100 Most Significant Events of the Last Thousand Years, an ancient history timeline, world history timelines and more. Ancient World History Timeline Timeline created by glane13. They have sophisticated writing systems, bronze technologies and highly developed public administrations. 284–305: The Roman Emperor Diocletian divides the Roman empire into four administrative units known as the Roman Tetrarchy, and afterward there was usually more than one imperial head of Rome. Period: 2700 B.C. Ancient Times - Empires and Civilizations Timeline. Filter by search term, date range or category. }); War(fare) & Battles Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. The ancient or 'classical' world begins with the invention of written language, and follows the organization of human culture into governments and societies much like we practice today. $('#timeline_types_input').attr('value',timelineTypesChecked.join(',')); The history of the world isn’t easily condensed, but the timeline here does a good job of hitting the high notes and most significant events of roughly 4,000 years from the beginnings of Hinduism to the freeing of Nelson Mandela. – 479 B.C. Today's world owes an immense debt to the mighty empires and great cities of ancient history. Note: This is a work in progress! READ MORE: Ancient Sparta: The History of the Spartans R… Timeline of ancient history - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After Columbus sailed and Constantinople fell, Europeans continued to search out trading routes and thinkers […] 499: After paying tribute and arms to the Persian Empire for several decades, Greek city-states revolt against Persian rule. World history in 2500 BCE - ancient civilizations thrive. Rulers & Politics 500 BC-1200 AD: ancient China (Xia > Shang > Western Zhou > Han) 483: Indian philosopher Siddhartha Gautama Buddha (563–483) dies and his followers begin to organize a religious movement based on his teachings. var timelineTypesChecked = []; For more details, see our Privacy Policy. Philosophy & Religion 1900–1600: The Minoan culture on the Greek island of Crete becomes a powerhouse of the international shipping trade. 538: Cyrus allows the Jews in Babylon to return home. 350. 550. 31: At the Battle of Actium, Antony and the last Ptolemaic pharaoh Cleopatra VII are defeated and soon after Augustus (Octavian) becomes the first emperor of Rome. Period: 350. to . 430–426: The Plague of Athens kills an estimated 300,000 people, among them Pericles. The span of recorded history is roughly 5,000 years, beginning with Sumerian Cuneiform script, the oldest discovered form of coherent writing from the protoliterate period around the 30th century BC. 212: The Edict of Caracalla extends Roman citizenship to all free inhabitants of the Empire. 133–123: The Gracchi brothers attempt to reform Rome's social and political structure to help the lower classes. This timeline of human prehistory comprises the time from the first appearance of Homo sapiens in Africa 315,000 years ago to the invention of writing and the beginning of history, 5,000 years ago. Map of the Ancient World. C. 9,000-8,000 BC Farming begins in the Middle East. They have been grouped according to the dynasties that ruled over ancient China. 449: Persia and Athens sign the Peace of Callias, officially ending the Persian Wars. 588: Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar conquers Jerusalem and brings the Judean king and thousands of citizens of Judea back to Babylon with him. Kingdoms, Battles, Expeditions. This timeline is in portrait format and designed to … These timelines of world history detail recorded events since the creation of writing roughly 5000 years ago to the present day. 43: The 2nd Triumvirate, that of Marc Antony, Octavian, and M Aemillius Lepidus, is established. Ancient history is the aggregate of past events from the beginning of recorded human history and extending as far as the Early Middle Ages or the Postclassical Era. 3500: The first cities are built by the Sumerians at Tell Brak, Uruk, and Hamoukar in Mesopotamia's Fertile Crescent. 135: The first Servile War is conducted when the enslaved people of Sicily revolt against Rome. In the Middle East of the early Bronze Age the two great civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt are flourishing. Roman dictator Marcus Furius Camillus captures the Etruscan city of Veii. 400 - 300 BC Socrates is sentenced to death in 399 BC. 324: Constantine the Great establishes his capital at Byzantium (Constantinople). 91–88: The Social War (or Marsic War) begins, a rebellion waged by Italians who want Roman citizenship. 508: Athenian lawgiver Cleisthenes reforms the constitution of ancient Athens, setting it on a democratic footing. 313: Decree of Milan legalizes Christianity in the Roman Empire. 451: Attila the Hun (406–453) faces the Visigoths and Romans together in the Battle of Chalons. 88–63: The Mithridatic Wars are fought by Rome against the Pontic empire and its allies. This timeline of the ancient world follows the Biblical dating of Ussher's chronology which dates the creation of the world in 4004 BC. Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Merranean Sea, comprising the interlocking civilizations of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. 509: Traditional date for the founding of the Roman Republic. It begins with the earliest human-like behaviors of crude stone tool manufacture, and ends with … 200, 000 to 55,000: Approximately around this time, early modern humans started 305: The first Greek pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemy I, takes over the reins and establishes the Ptolemaic dynasty. Many of the dates cited below are only approximate or traditional. Search our timeline containing 8796 events from world history. 476: Arguably, the western Roman Empire ends when Emperor Romulus Augustulus is removed from office. Nature & Climate Catal Huyuk, a town in what is now Turkey flourishes 1650: The Middle Kingdom of Egypt falls apart and Lower Egypt is ruled by the Asiatic Hyksos; the Kushite kingdom rules Upper Egypt. } Most Important Figures in Ancient History, Rulers of the Persian Empire: Expansionism of Cyrus and Darius, 30 Maps of Ancient Greece Show How a Country Became an Empire, Biography of Xerxes, King of Persia, Enemy of Greece, Cyrus the Great - Persian Achaemenid Dynasty Founder, Important Kings of the Ancient Middle East, The 8 Biggest Military Defeats Suffered by Ancient Rome, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. Lepidus, is built: 2000-1000 BC: 3000-2000 BC: Ptolemaic: Roman/Byz Indus... Town, is established: Attila the Hun ( 406–453 ) faces the Visigoths at the Battle Adrianople... Bc Socrates is sentenced to death in 399 BC God, '' support. 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