In 2012, the city council launched a program to improve the city's attractiveness for bicycle traffic. Zuerich). About Canton of Zürich: The Facts: Capital: Zürich. Zürich also hosted the 1998 World Ice Hockey Championships. Zürich was temporarily expelled from the confederacy in 1440 due to a war with the other member states over the territory of Toggenburg (the Old Zürich War). [27] In this time the political system of Zürich was an oligarchy (Patriziat): the dominant families of the city were the following ones: Bonstetten, Brun, Bürkli, Escher vom Glas, Escher vom Luchs, Hirzel, Jori (or von Jori), Kilchsperger, Landenberg, Manesse, Meiss, Meyer von Knonau, Mülner, von Orelli. Zurich Airport is served by more than 60 passenger airlines from around the world. As of 2008, there were 12,507 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4,227 businesses involved in this sector. Also, a part of the Katzensee (nature reserve) and the Büsisee, both of which are drained by the Katzenbach to Glatt, belong to the city. The red Schwenkel on top of the banner had varying interpretations: For the people of Zürich, it was a mark of honour, granted by Rudolph I. Zürich's neighbours mocked it as a sign of shame, commemorating the loss of the banner at Winterthur in 1292. In addition, Zürich is the world's largest gold trading centre. The Theater am Neumarkt is one of the oldest theatres of the city. Swiss canton in the northeastern part of the country. Of registered inhabitants (in 2016), 32% (133,473) do not hold Swiss citizenship. Area: 668 sq mi (1,729 sq km). Zürich is a mixed hub for railways, roads, and air traffic. The A1 heads west towards Bern and Geneva and eastwards towards St. Gallen; the A4 leads northwards to Schaffhausen and southwards to Altdorf connecting with the A2 towards Chiasso; and the A3 heads northwest towards Basel and southeast along Lake Zürich and Lake Walen towards Sargans. [43] Record low of average daily temperatures in March since 1864 is −12 °C (10 °F) and record high of average daily temperatures in March is 16 °C (61 °F). The railway network is mainly operated by the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB CFF FFS), but Zürich is also served by major EuroCity trains from the neighbouring countries and is a destination for both French/Swiss (TGV Lyria) and German (ICE) high-speed trains, as well as by Austrian RailJet. About Zürich: The Facts: Canton: Canton of Zürich. The Pedagogical College, the Zürich University of Applied Sciences (ZHAW) and the Zürich University of the Arts (ZHdK) are another three top-class technical colleges which contribute to Zürich's reputation as a knowledge and research pole by providing applied research and development. [32], The last election of the Municipal Council was held on 4 March 2018 for the mandate period of 2018–2022. The areas of the cantons vary from 37 km 2 (canton of Basel-Stadt) to 7,105 km 2 (canton of Grisons); the populations (as of 2018) range from 16,000 (canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden) to 1.5 million (canton of Zürich During the 1230s, a city wall was built, enclosing 38 hectares, when the earliest stone houses on the Rennweg were built as well. Zürcher Familiennamen (surnames of families with citizenship in Canton Zürich … Natalie Rickli Member of the Government Council. Of the rest of the population, there were 29,592 members of an Orthodox church (or about 2.37% of the population), there were 1,435 individuals (or about 0.11% of the population) who belonged to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 70,897 individuals (or about 5.68% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. The lower part of the canton was added to the territories of Zürich in 1362. [11], Of the population in the canton, 314,394 or about 25.2% were born in Zürich and lived there in 2000. The Canton of Zürich (German: Kanton ) has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 1,463,459. Also hiking trails are well marked with yellow signs, which give the hiker the probable time it will take them to reach their destination. info)) has a population (as of 31 December 2012) of 1,406,083. Download a list of all old (prior to 1800) citizen families of Canton Zürich, sorted by community (rtf file). The SIX Swiss Exchange goes back more than 150 years. ][citation needed] Two of Switzerland's most distinguished universities are located in the city: the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zürich), which is controlled by the federal government, and the University of Zürich, under direction of the canton of Zürich. Established by the old guilds in the Old City District, it is located in a baroque palace near Niederdorf Street. The Gemeinderat of Zürich for the mandate period of 2018–2022, The Municipal Council (Gemeinderat) holds the legislative power. The northeast side of the Limmat valley includes a range of hills, which marks the watershed between the Limmat and the Glatt. The Hörnli (1133 m) is the highest elevation of this mountain ridge. In Zürich German, the local dialect of Swiss German, the name is pronounced without the final consonant, as Züri [ˈtsyri], although the adjective remains Zürcher(in) [ˈtsyrxər(ɪn)]. Association football is an essential aspect of sports in Zürich. In Zürich about 493,209 or (39.5%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 212,154 or (17.0%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 29.8% of the vote. "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit", "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität, Stadtkreis und Stadtquartier, 2016", "STATISTISCHES JAHRBUCH DER STADT ZÜRICH 2014", "Statistisches Jahrbuch der Stadt Zürich 2012 Kapitel 14: Soziale Sicherheit und Gesundheit", "Aus der Geschichte der Kirche St. Peter Zürich", "Kunsthaus Zürich – das Kunstmuseum in Zürich", "Uetliberg – Zürich – Your city – Official Website of Zürich Tourism", "BASE jumping :: @ BLiNC Magazine", "UNESCO World Heritage Site – Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps", "2007 World-wide quality of living survey", "Mercer's 2008 Quality of Living survey highlights", ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology), "Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation", "Sechseläuten-Marsch: Sein Weg in die Schweiz - Radio", "Oliver prepared for the 'one-day Olympics, " [56], There are 420,217 people living in Zürich (as of 31 December 2019),[57] making it Switzerland's largest city. The canton is in the northeast of Switzerland. It is directly connected to Zürich and most of the major Swiss cities. However, the authorities will always use. The abbess nominated the mayor, and she frequently delegated the minting of coins to citizens of the city. not nominated by the abbess. The city of Bern is both the canton and federal capital. Zürich's Bahnhofstrasse (Station Street) was laid out in 1867, and the Zürich Stock Exchange was founded in 1877. Zürich was one of six venues of the 1954 FIFA World Cup and one of eight venues of the UEFA Euro 2008. ETH was founded in 1854 by the Swiss Confederation and opened its doors in 1855 as a polytechnic institute. To date as many as 24 world records were set in Weltklasse.[107][108][109]. From 1847, the Spanisch-Brötli-Bahn, the first railway on Swiss territory, connected Zürich with Baden, putting the Zürich Hauptbahnhof at the origin of the Swiss rail network. [101] Another is the Knabenschiessen target shooting competition for teenagers (originally boys, open to female participants since 1991). [12] In 2019 Zürich was ranked among the ten most liveable cities in the world by Mercer together with Geneva and Basel.[13]. From the 9th century onward, the name is established in an Old High German form Zuri(c)h (857 in villa Zurih, 924 in Zurich curtem, 1416 Zürich Stadt). The race is held on 1 January each year and the start takes place at midnight exactly. Since it started on 12 August 1928, the sporting event has witnessed new world records and national records. Second, cyclists' safety should be improved to lower the overall accident risk. The people approved a new constitution for the canton in February 2005, replacing the 1869 constitution. [33], In the 2019 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was the SPS which received 25.6% (-6) of the vote. The official language is German. The lands to the north and east are more agricultural, but in every part of the canton manufacturing predominates. Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 12.7%. new parts of the city have risen into the spotlight. Since January 28, 2009: Home of Europe's best ice hockey team, the ZSC Lions - winner of the Champions Hockey League 2008-2009 and the Victoria Cup 2009. Zürich is host city of the Street Parade, which takes place in August every year (see above). This forces any decision of the executive to support this goal, even if the costs are higher in all dimensions. Canton of Zürich. Its summit can be reached easily by the Uetlibergbahn. [citation needed], In 1893, the twelve outlying districts were incorporated into Zürich, including Aussersihl, the workman's quarter on the left bank of the Sihl, and additional land was reclaimed from Lake Zürich.[29]. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, nationality, country of birth). There are 17,685 people who speak French and 2,606 people who speak Romansh. The canton’s population is slightly above a million, 12.45% of whom are foreigners. Of the rest of the land, 20.1% is settled (buildings or roads) and 5.8% is unproductive land.[6]. [10], Zürich has a population (as of December 2012) of 1,406,083. [53] Apart from infrastructural measures, further approaches are planned in the fields of communication, education and administration. He endowed the Benedictine convent with the lands of Zürich, Uri, and the Albis forest, and granted the convent immunity, placing it under his direct authority. [6], Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (1,040,168 or 83.4%) as their first language, Italian is the second most common (49,750 or 4.0%) and Serbo-Croatian is the third (21,334 or 1.7%). It has international borders with Italy, Austria, and Liechtenstein. The earliest written record of the town dates from the 2nd century, with a tombstone referring to it as to the Statio Turicensis Quadragesima Galliarum ("Zürich post for collecting the 2.5% value tax of the Galliae"), discovered at the Lindenhof. The "green lungs" of the city include the vast forest areas of Adlisberg, Zürichberg, Käferberg, Hönggerberg and Uetliberg. Nevertheless, for the last twenty years, both confessions have been reduced by 10%, to the current figures (census 2010): 30% Roman Catholic, and 26% Swiss Reformed (organized in Evangelical Reformed Church of the Canton of Zürich). From this originated the concept of the CowParade that has been featured in other major world cities. Wikipedia. Some examples are Bilanz, Die Weltwoche, Annabelle, Schweizer Familie and Schweizer Illustrierte. The Prehistoric pile dwellings around Zürichsee comprises 11 of total 56 Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps in Switzerland, that are located around Zürichsee in the cantons of Schwyz, St. Gallen and Zürich. Major hubs are Zurich and Winterthur. Monocle's 2012 "Quality of Life Survey" ranked Zürich first on a list of the top 25 cities in the world "to make a base within". The canton of Bern is the second largest by population and surface area. Its neighbouring cantons are Schaffhausen to the north, Aargau to the west, the cantons of Zug and Schwyz to the south and the cantons of Thurgau and St. Gallen to the east. Once a year, it hosts the Zürcher Opernball with the President of the Swiss Confederation and the economic and cultural élite of Switzerland. 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