Federico Faggin (born December 1, 1941), Italian by birth and education, naturalized US citizen in 1978, is an American physicist, inventor and entrepreneur, widely known for designing the first commercial microprocessor.He led the 4004 (MCS-4) project and the design group during the first five years of Intel's microprocessor effort. Microprocessor Pioneer Frederico Faggin On: Could Quantum Computers Rival Human Consciousness? Some modules are disabled because cookies are declined. It was released in 1974 and was the first high-performance 8-bit microprocessor . [24][25], When Faggin left Intel at the end of 1974 to found Zilog with Ralph Ungermann, he was R&D department manager responsible for all MOS products, except for dynamic memories.[23]. 1976 [16] The 3708 was an 8-bit analog multiplexer with decoding logic, replacing the equivalent Fairchild 3705 that used metal-gate technology. He is best known for designing the first commercial microprocessor, the Intel 4004.He led the 4004 (MCS-4) project and the design group during the first five years of Intel's microprocessor effort. Work started six months later when Intel hired Federico Faggin in April 1970 to work on the project. Federico Faggin joined Intel from Fairchild in 1970 as the project leader and designer of the MCS-4 family, which included the 4004, the world's first single-chip microprocessor. Editor Adnkronos, Rome, first edition September 2002, covers the above-mentioned awards (pp. In November of 1971, a company called Intel publicly introduced the world's first single-chip microprocessor, the Intel 4004 (U.S. Patent #3,821,715), invented by Intel engineers Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stanley Mazor. In November 2010, he joined Hoff and Mazur in receiving the U.S. National Medal of Technology and Innovation from President Barack Obama. Central processing unit/Founders. In November, 1971, Intel publicly introduced the World's First Single Chip Microprocessor, the Intel 4004 (U.S. Patent #3,821,715), invented by Intel engineers Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stan Mazor. La Rivista del Nuovo Cimento, year 2015, issue 12-December. The Communication CoSystem (1984). Federico Faggin. Its second edition, February 2012, titled Federico Faggin, il padre del microprocessor (Federico Faggin, the father of the microprocessor). As the Invention was meant for Busicom, Intel decided to buy back the design and marketing rights to the 4004 from Busicom for $60,000. (1996) "[22], Faggin's silicon design methodology was used for implementing all Intel's early microprocessors.[18]. conceived by Intel's Ted Hoff and Stan Mazur, National Medal of Technology and Innovation from President Barack Obama, How AI is accelerating tectonic shifts in Brazil and what lies ahead for 2021, Guest Post: In Tough Times A Strong Culture Can Protect Your Company, Silicon Valley Summers.... Winter Is Coming, Crisis Rewrites The Playbook For Enterprise Tech Storytellers, Lessons On Downturns From Brazilian Entrepreneurs. © Tom Foremski 2004 - document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-noDerivs 2.5. He had invented the metal-on-silicon microprocessor some years before when working for Fairchild Semiconductors. Designed by the fantastically-forenamed Federico Faggin, Ted Hoff, and Stanley Mazor, the 4004 was a 4-bit, 16-pin microprocessor that operated at a … After a career dedicated to creating evermore intelligent computer chips, he has turned his attention to what a computer, even quantum computers, may never be able to do: reach the potential of human consciousness. "The MOS silicon gate technology and the first microprocessors" by Federico Faggin. "When I was a child, I was interested in machines.". "The Birth of the Microprocessor" by Federico Faggin. "It really opened wide the application field for microprocessors.". Faggin also supervised Hal Feeney's design of the 8-bit 8008 device announced in 1972. It is what defines a human being, and distinguishes it from a machine. The Z80-CPU was a major improvement over the 8080, yet it retained software compatibility with it. Faggin accepted and immediately began drafting the blueprint for what would become the Intel 4004. This chip family allowed the design of powerful and low-cost microcomputers with performance comparable to minicomputers. [30], On the silicon gate technology and the Fairchild 3708, Source: the book written by Angelo Gallippi titled: Faggin, Il padre del chip intelligente (Faggin, the father of the intelligent chip). Ted Hoff, head of Application Research Department, formulated the architectural proposal and the instruction set with assistance from Stan Mazor and working in conjunction with Busicom's Masatoshi Shima. In 2010, he received the 2009 National Medal of Technology and Innovation, the highest honor the United States confers for achievements related to technological progress. It was designed by Ted Hoff, Stan Mazor, Hal Feenay and also Federico Faggin. Fairchild spun off into the most famous CPU companies including AMD, Intel, National, and Intersil. It was created with 8 bit Central Processing Unit (CPU) with also an external 14 bit address bus which was capable to allocate 16KB of memory. Federico manifested, from an early age, a strong interest in technology and decided to attend a technical high school in Vicenza: I.T.I.S (Istituto Tecnico Industriale Statale) Alessandro Rossi, rather than follow the family tradition of classical studies. With routine help from Shima, Faggin completed the chip design in January 1971. That was the starting signal for Federico Faggin, who had only just joined the company. In 1974, a few months after the 8080 hit the market, Faggin left Intel and started Zilog, where he conceived the Z80 microprocessor. Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, "Federico Faggin Career Leading to the Design of the Intel 4004", "Olivetti Programma 101 Electronic Calculator", "2008/107/1 Computer, Programma 101, and documents (3), plastic / metal / paper / electronic components, hardware architect Pier Giorgio Perotto, designed by Mario Bellini, made by Olivetti, Italy, 1965-1971", "The New Wave: Silicon Gate IC's (cover)", "Interview with Gordon Moore on First Microprocessor", "The New Methodology for Random Logic Design", "Oral History Panel on the Development and Promotion of the Intel 8008 Microprocessor", "The MOS silicon gate technology and the first microprocessors", "United States Patent 4524244: Digital and Voice Telecommunication Apparatus", "The Marconi Society Fellows Biography - Federico Faggin", "The Microprocessor Turns 40 | PCMag.com", "Inductee Detail | National Inventors Hall of Fame", "Laurea Honoris Causa a Faggin, l'italiano inventore del microchip (09/2002) - Azione Universitaria Tor Vergata", "Synaptics Co-Founder and Chairman of the Board Receives AeA/Stanford Executive Institute Alumnus Award", "(Filosofia e Informatica) Giuridica: Lauree honoris causa all'Università di Pavia", "National Medal of Technology and Innovation (NMTI) | USPTO", "Cavaliere di Gran Croce Ordine al Merito della Repubblica Italiana", The Intel 4004 Microprocessor and the Silicon Gate Technology, A testimonial from Federico Faggin, designer of the 4004 and developer of its enabling technology, IEEE Global History Network Biography of Federico Faggin, "Computers Still No Match for Human Intelligence", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Federico_Faggin&oldid=994484331, Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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