The APG’s comprehensive report evaluates source, transit, and destination jurisdictions and found that most jurisdictions in the region are affected by wildlife crime. Amendments Not In Force; Regulations made under this Act Additionally, under other grants from INL, governments in the Southeast Asia region will soon receive their first wildlife detection dogs to combat wildlife trafficking. Results of the project include the establishment of a cross-border network to exchange intelligence on trafficking and the consistent deployment of monitoring patrols involving 24 government and civil society rangers covering at least 277 hectares. Under this initiative, OES spearheads an interagency effort to tackle financial crimes and money laundering associated with wildlife crime – through policy approaches, capacity building and training, and working with the financial sector. 301(d) 2019 Strategic Review Read the 2019 END Wildlife Trafficking Report. USAID also rolled out an interactive smartphone application to aid law enforcement and customs officials in the identification of pangolins and pangolin products. This program provided specialized financial investigations training and technical assistance to combat wildlife trafficking and other conservation crimes through the application of anti-money laundering laws and regulations. READ MORE: Judge strikes down energy leasing rules in bird habitat. The project will provide information on the importance of non-fin commodities in driving shark and ray fisheries and improve our understanding of the trade and its impacts on stocks. As most ivory traffickers face prosecution for a single seizure, connecting these traffickers to multiple large seizures greatly benefits prosecutors, allowing them to charge the traffickers with major crimes and impose tougher penalties. BILLINGS, Mont. By harnessing behavior change expertise from a number of fields, the website acts as a platform for exchange of insight, evidence, perspectives, and experience, and serves as a repository of relevant technical reference material and information resources. Get this from a library! It also commissioned a study by the National … Distribution of the manual, along with training to 70 enforcement officials, resulted in a 26 percent increase in the number of wildlife crimes being prosecuted in Niassa, Gorongosa, and Limpopo conservation areas. Dec 16 Technology also strengthened communication systems and data-collection capacity of park managers, law enforcement officials, and communities. INTERPRETATION. (Sec. E-Jan, a Thai social media page with 5.5 million followers, shared the story, which was viewed 419,000 times. Officials said in a draft study of the proposal that it could result in more deaths of birds that land in oil pits or collide with power lines or other structures. The PSAs were disseminated in airports of eight major cities and on 1,521 flights, which garnered more than 30 million views. Through the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), Treasury utilizes available information for the potential application of Treasury’s sanctions authorities against individuals and entities who engage in wildlife trafficking. 1119), as amended -- The Act of August 8, 1956, as frequently amended, establishes a comprehensive national fish, shellfish, and wildlife … In partnership with local NGOs, the Department of State supports improving capabilities to detect, investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate cases of wildlife trafficking and related facilitative crimes. The National Strategy recognizes that, as we work to strengthen enforcement, we must also reduce demand among consumers at home and abroad. 1981: Robert Jantzen becomes FWS Director. The original Act … the National Wildlife Refuge System Volunteer and Community Partnership Enhancement Act of 1998 (16 U.S.C. With this increase, Nepal is close to becoming the first country to individually reach the goal of doubling its tiger numbers by 2021, a global goal set by 13 tiger range countries in St. Petersburg in 2010. In FY 2018, the USG planned to spend approximately $122 million to combat wildlife trafficking worldwide. USAID’s efforts to increase capacity and regional and transboundary collaboration are producing positive results. Coordination and communication among Task Force agencies occurs at all levels. Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 (ch. The campaign leveraged more than $4.3 million of in-kind support from several Chinese enterprises and other sources. On January 30, 2018, OFAC designated the Zhao Wei Transnational Criminal Organization (TCO) for engaging in multiple illicit activities, including wildlife trafficking. NOAA Fisheries provided information on illegal catch and illegal trade efforts, interception of illegal shipments, and seizures, arrests and prosecutions related to the illegal trafficking of totoaba products. In partnership with INL, USFWS Office of Law Enforcement (USFWS OLE) established the first dedicated CWT Vetted Unit in Libreville, Gabon. The objective is to more effectively stop or deter potential violators. 39. Brigham Young University. He is now awaiting trial in the United States. In the past year, Task Force agencies worked with U.S. embassies and host governments in Focus Countries to assess the threats posed by wildlife trafficking and the capacity of the respective host governments to address those threats. The sampling process developed by CCB allows investigators to determine the origin of poached ivory, ascertain the species and subspecies, and cultivate investigative leads that can link prior seizures and identify suspects involved with the trafficking of illicit ivory. ( State of Indiana Libraries ) Services . In China, USAID launched an extensive campaign to increase awareness of the new Wildlife Protection Law and domestic ivory ban and to decrease consumer demand. Agencies also worked with U.S. embassies, in conjunction with relevant ministries and NGOs in Focus Countries, to prepare strategic plans to address wildlife trafficking in those countries. 3601 ... November 3, 1987 was referred jointly to the Committees on Merchant Marine and Fisheries and Interior and Insular Affairs) (including cost estimate of … The highest-profile enforcement case bought under the migratory bird act resulted in a $100 million settlement by BP, after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill in 2010 killed approximately 100,000 birds. Some fish species are also protected under NSW legislation. Dec 16 Dec 16 A NOAA OLE agent examined approximately 100 Aqua SD sales invoices, which listed coral as the item being sold and compared them to UPS invoices with the same dates and customer names showing shipments labeled as ‘ceramic collectibles’ from the business to foreign customers. Marking World Pangolin Day on February 17, USAID developed and unveiled a guide to help law enforcement officers identify species and origins of pangolins, the world’s single most trafficked mammal. A large majority of missions stated that wildlife trafficking was known or suspected to converge with other serious crimes, the most common being drug smuggling. Effectively combating wildlife trafficking also requires countries to have robust legal frameworks, coupled with enforcement, investigative, prosecutorial, and judicial capacity to disrupt trafficking networks and bring criminals to justice. ROUTES also developed an app for luggage, cargo and passenger screeners to report wildlife crime and other suspicious observations to law enforcement. 1981: Robert Jantzen becomes FWS Director. On April 3, 2017, a U.S. In addition to these efforts, OFAC supports members of the law enforcement community that investigate and trace illicit proceeds of wildlife trafficking and ivory poaching, including through a MoU that provides Bank Secrecy Act data (suspicious activity, currency transaction, and other reporting) access to the DoI, Fish and Wildlife Service’s Office of Law Enforcement. USAID continued support for an online Wildlife Consumer Behavior Change Toolkit, Social and Behavior Change Communications guidelines, and a demand reduction community of practice, available at: Changewildlifeconsumers.org . This Act may be cited as the “National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Reauthorization Act of 2019”. 1036, 70 Stat. The U.S. instructors also conducted several team building exercises focused on enhancing interagency collaboration and understanding of each components’ respective roles and responsibilities at Mongolian borders and ports of entry, as well as better understanding of Mongolia’s anti-trafficking laws. The five additional Attachés will be in Hanoi, Nairobi, Brasilia, Stuttgart (USAFRICOM), and London. The Eliminate, Neutralize, and Disrupt Wildlife Trafficking Act (P.L. Similarly in Kenya, where USAID has long supported community conservancies, national poaching statistics continued to decline so that only 4 rhinos were poached in 2018 as compared to 59 in 2013. In 2018, ROUTES promoted engagement at five global aviation conferences, assessed five airport hubs’ vulnerability to wildlife trafficking across Africa and Asia and successfully established partnerships with transport companies such as FedEx, UPS, Delta, and Qatar Airways. The proposal would end the government’s decades-long practice of treating accidental bird deaths caused by industry as potential criminal violations under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Establishment Act Amendment of 2008 Pub. Overall, Focus Countries responded positively to the initial 2017 Report and worked with U.S. missions to produce the assessments and strategic plans. Pursuant to the eagle feather law, Title 50, Part 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations (50 CFR 22), and the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, the US Fish and Wildlife Service administers the National Eagle Repository and the permit system for Native American religious use of eagle feathers. The Act provides new guidance for administering the System and requires that proposed uses on refuges must … Sometimes these names say something about the substance of the law (as with the '2002 Winter Olympic Commemorative Coin Act'). DoJ participates in international partnerships and networks that promote effective prosecution of transnational environmental crimes, such as INTERPOL’s environmental crimes working groups, the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation Experts Group on Illegal Logging and Associated Trade, and a UNODC Working Group established to develop and provide prosecutorial and legislative guidance for combating wildlife crime. Through the Task Force, efforts and activities are better coordinated across the USG:  efficiencies are being identified and exploited, redundancies eliminated, and resources used more strategically; international outreach continues to expand; and improved intelligence identified new areas of work. We developed successful partnerships to combat wildlife trafficking with many in the international community, and the Task Force looks forward to productive engagement with stakeholders in the identified Focus Countries going forward. Federal courts have been split on whether companies can be prosecuted, with appeals courts ruling in favor of industry three times and siding against companies twice. The perpetrators also face an additional 16 years in prison if they fail to pay their fines. Additionally, USAID completed research in China and Thailand that identified in detail who is buying what wildlife products, why, and under what circumstances. Treasury continues to engage with the interagency, civil society, and international partners to enhance information sharing on wildlife trafficking. Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs. In Mozambique, USAID partnered with UNODC to develop a Rapid Reference Manual to investigate and prosecute wildlife crimes, including step-by-step guidance for the prosecution of 90 wildlife-related crimes. “In December, this committee reported America’s Conservation Enhancement Act or ACE Act, by voice vote. Table of Contents. Public engagement campaigns through this partnership are directly enhancing protections for several reptile species. The Act provides the basic authority for the involvement of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) in evaluating impacts to fish and wildlife … Senate. Additionally, NOAA OLE is participating as observer in the “Network of Exchange of information and experiences among countries of Latin America and Caribbean to Prevent, Discourage and Eliminate Illegal, Unregulated, and Unauthorized (IUU) Fishing,” a UN initiative. State fish and wildlife agencies have identified more than 12,000 species in need of proactive conservation efforts in the United States, including the more than 1,600 U.S. species already listed as threatened or endangered under the Endangered Species Act… DoJ now has its first-ever RLA specifically dedicated to building capacity to investigate and prosecute wildlife trafficking crimes. This applies to Angola’s Cubango region, where USAID anti-poaching campaigns targeting thousands of rural people resulted in the creation of an informant network and the mapping of 20 key wildlife crime hotspots. FWS, Statistical Data Tables for Fish & Wildlife … Dec 16 They contend birds already are being harmed by the administration’s policies, most notably in the destruction last fall of nesting grounds for 25,000 shorebirds in Virginia to make way for a road and tunnel project. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS), and USAID ensure communication lines are always open and issues can be addressed quickly. This is the first RLA specifically focused on wildlife trafficking. Those priorities and objectives are subject to further refinement in light of continuing progress and lessons learned from our ongoing efforts, as well as the country-specific assessments and strategic reviews required by section 301 of the END Act. However, the Trump administration has said the deaths of birds that fly into oil pits, mining sites, telecommunications towers, wind turbines and other hazards should be treated as accidents not subject to prosecution. When trained, these units can work seamlessly with U.S. law enforcement, tracking and investigating highly complex crimes associated with wildlife trafficking in Africa. Expedited matching of ivory samples to specific animal migration routes is now allowing for quick prosecution of traffickers and alerting wildlife officers to major shifts in poaching activities. The individuals were charged with conspiracy to traffic rhino horns and elephant ivory (with some of the individuals involved in money laundering and heroin distribution). The pending proposal would cement that interpretation of the law into government regulation, thus making it harder to reverse by subsequent administrations. Through these grants, WCS works to enhance the capacity of law enforcement and improve cross-border investigations. Task Force agencies employ domestic laws and regulations to combat wildlife trafficking, including the prosecution of wildlife traffickers for crimes that cross international boundaries and are tied to transnational criminal organizations. READ MORE: 3 billion fewer wild birds soar the skies than in 1970, study finds. 55, 48 Stat. Summary: The Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 (16 U.S.C. In an important ivory trade route, 67 Zambian and 112 Malawian rangers and wildlife officials were trained on improved CWT practices. In three Caribbean island nations and Costa Rica, 16 officials were trained in SMART software and techniques, adapted to marine area enforcement. In GovTrack.us, a database of bills in the U.S. Congress. Coordination among U.S. agencies in the field continues to deepen and expand. For example, funding provided Morocco with a “CITES 101” training to customs officers and delivered technical assistance in the development of processes and protocols for implementing CITES. For example, 10,000 trade profiles were added to a database that financial institutions can use to screen clients for wildlife crime connections. Industry sources kill an estimated 450 million to 1.1 billion birds annually, out of an overall 7.2 billion birds in North America, according to the U.S. All Rights Reserved. NOAA Fisheries provided information to a CITES notification requesting that range, transit, and consumer states of totoaba provide information on their implementation of CITES totoaba related decisions. “Among other provisions, the legislation reauthorizes important environmental programs, including – the North American Wetlands Conservation Act, the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Act… The Task Force, co-chaired by the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Interior, and the Attorney General, brings together 17 Federal departments and agencies to implement the National Strategy for Combating Wildlife Trafficking (the “National Strategy”). OES efforts to highlight the importance of CWT actions in multiple fora, spurred Peru to offer to host the first regional conference on combating wildlife trafficking, which will take place in October. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/politics/trump-administration-moves-forward-with-plan-to-end-wild-bird-protections, WATCH: Biden delivers remarks on the U.S. economy, WATCH: Trump hails jobs report, but unemployment rate still high, Mail-in voting amid pandemic and protests previews challenges for November election, WATCH LIVE: FDA advisers consider Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine for emergency use, In a new Billie Holiday documentary, friends fill in the missing notes, How to help kids build resilience amid COVID-19 chaos, WATCH: Republican senators push baseless claims of widespread voter fraud in election security hearing, The overwhelming impact of childhood trauma on Chicago’s West Side, U.S. jobless claims rise to 885,000 amid resurgence of virus, Moon rocks in hand, China prepares for future moon missions, Snow continues to fall on Northeast U.S., with vaccines in tow, French President Macron tests positive for COVID-19, MLB reclassifies Negro Leagues as major league. Domestic prosecution of wildlife trafficking requires close collaboration, as the DoJ prosecutes cases investigated by its partner agencies such as USFWS, NOAA, Coast Guard, and HSI. S. 1513 (115th). This enactment establishes a National Fish and Wildlife Heritage Commission responsible for making recommendations to the Minister of the Environment in order to help protect Canada’s natural resources and promote activities related to fish and wildlife, including hunting and fishing. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service jointly announced revisions to regulations that guide implementation of the Endangered Species Act… NOAA OLE continues to provide counter-wildlife trafficking law enforcement expertise during numerous bi- and multi-lateral international engagements, such as the Caribbean Wildlife Enforcement Network. Biddle Law Library- University of Pennsylvania Law School. NOAA actively participates in INTERPOL’s Global Fisheries Enforcement program, which supports member countries in identifying, deterring, and disrupting trafficking of protected marine products. NOAA remains engaged with the Department-led interagency Working Group on Combating Conservation Crimes, including exploring areas of convergence across crimes related to the use of natural resources, to improve sharing of information/intelligence across agencies, and to be more strategic in addressing conservation crimes. Fish and Wildlife Service and recent studies. “On Monday, August 12, the U.S. CITES implementation was one of the main areas of mutual interest, including protecting endangered species, strengthening enforcement, and providing regional technical exchanges. For instance, through OES leadership, the U.S. has long-standing efforts under ASEAN for combating wildlife trafficking, and was instrumental in the 2018 launch of the ASEAN Working Group on Illicit Trafficking in Wildlife and Timber under the framework of the ASEAN Senior Officials Meeting on Transnational Crime. The Task Force is addressing the gap in available information on the illegal trade in protected marine species as well as the gap in information related to Latin America by facilitating and improving data collection. Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . Under the framework of CAFTA-DR, the Department provided funding to DoI to support the Central American Wildlife Enforcement Network (CAWEN), whose participating agencies carried out 17 cross-border and national enforcement operations that resulted in 461 arrests and the seizure of 4,399 wildlife specimens. Mail As a result of this work, St. Lucia boas have now been assessed by the IUCN Red List and designated as Endangered. In Vietnam, USAID collaborated with the Supreme People’s Procuracy (SPP) to develop a manual on wildlife crime prosecutions, which is being used as a training resource. NOAA partnered with Indonesian and Philippine NGOs, academics from in-country institutions, and relevant Ministries in order to better understand the scope of these small-scale fisheries bycatch and illegal global trade, how they may impact turtle populations, and how to develop tools to better reduce these threats. African Parks is training and equipping wildlife rangers across African Parks’ managed areas and supplementing the national wildlife services with rangers to deter poaching of key species and reduce trafficking of these species in local, national, and international trade. 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